Abbreviations

In the preface to the Monier-Williams dictionary there appears a list of abbreviations.

Most of these abbreviations are accessible as 'tool tips' within the Monier display; the availability is indicated by the font color of the abbreviated item.


The following table lists the abbreviations that (generally) are annotated in the display. When Sanskrit is involved in the key (example: A1), this appears below in the Anglicized Sanskrit transliteration. When Sanskrit is involved in the definition (example: Atmane-pada), this appears in the SLP1 transliteration; if you use the Monier display and if you choose one of the transliteration output options (e.g. Harvard-Kyoto or ITRANS), the Sanskrit appears according to the transliteration. Otherwise, it appears in SLP (example: <s>Atmane-pada</s>).

A1.Atmane-pada
abl.ablative
abovea reference to some preceeding word (not necessarily in the same page)
acc.accusative
accord.according to
add.additions
A1di-p.Adi-parvan of the mahA-BArata
adj.adjective (cf. mfn.)
adv.adverb
Aeol.AEolic
alg.algebra
anat.anatomy
Angl.Sax.Anglo-Saxon
anom.anomalous
Aor.Aorist
aor.Aorist
Arab.Arabic
arithm.arithmetic
Arm.Armorican or the language of Brittany
Armen.Armenian
Armor.Armorican
astrol.astrology
astron.astronomy
B.Bombay edition
Boh.Bohemian
Bohem.Bohemian
Bomb.Bombay edition
Br.Breton
Bret.Breton
C.Calcutta edition
c.case
Cat.catalogue or catalogues
Calc.Calcutta edition
Caus.Causal
cf.confer, compare
ch.chapter
cl.class
Class.Classical
col.column
cols.columns
Comm.commentator or commentary
comp.compound
compar.Comparative degree
concl.conclusion
Cond.Conditional
conj.conjectural
cons.consonant
dat.dative case
defect.defective
Desid.Desiderative
dimin.diminutive
dram.dramatic language
du.dual number
ed.edition
e.g.exempli gratia, 'for example'
Eng.English
Ep.Epic
ep.Epic
esp.especially
etym.etymology
f.feminine
fig.figuratively
fr.from
Fut.future
fut.future
fut.p.p.future passive participle
g.gaRa
Gael.Gaelic
gen.genitive case
gend.gender
geom.geometry
Germ.German
Gk.Greek
Goth.Gothic
Gr.grammar
Hib.Hibernian or Irish
Hind.Hindi
ib.ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding
ibc.in the beginning of a compound
Icel.Icelandic
id.idem or 'the same meaning as that of a preceding word'
i.e.id est
ident.identical
ifc.in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'
impers.impersonal or used impersonally
impf.imperfect tense
Impv.imperative
ind.indeclinable
inf.infinitive mood
Inscr.Inscriptions
instr.instrumental case
Intens.Intensive
interj.interjection
interpol.interpolation
Introd.Introduction
Ion.Ionic
irr.irregular
L.lexicographers (i.e. a word or meaning which although give in native lexicons, has not yet been met with in any published text)
Lat.Latin
lat.latitude
Lett.Lettish
lit.literally
Lith.Lithuanian
loc.locative case
log.logic
long.longitude
m.masculine gender
math.mathematics
m.c.metri causa
medic.medicine
metron.metronymic
mfn.masculine, feminine and neuter; or adjective
Mod.modern
MS.manuscript
MSS.manuscripts
myth.mythology
N.Name (also title or epithet)
n.neuter gender
neg.negative
Nom.Nominal verb
nom.nominative case
obs.obsolete
onomat.onomatopoetic (i.e. formed from imitation of sounds)
opt.optative
orig.originally
Osset.Ossetic
othersaccording to others
P.parasmE-pada
p.page and participle (cf. p.p.)
parox.paroxytone
part.participle
partic.particular
Pass.Passive voice
patr.patronymic
perh.perhaps
Pers.Persian
pers.person
pf.perfect tense
phil.philosophy
pl.plural
poet.poetry or poetic
Pot.Potential
p.p.past participle
Pr.proper
Pra1k.Prakrit
Pra1kr.Prakrit
prec.preceding
prep.preposition
prepos.preposition
pres.present tense
priv.privative
prob.probably
pron.pronoun
pronom.pronominal
propar.proparoxytone
Pruss.Prussian
q.v.quod vide
redupl.reduplicated
Reflex.Reflexive or used reflexively
rhet.rhetoric
rt.root
rts.roots
Russ.Russian
RV.fg-veda
Sax.Saxon
sc.scilicet
scil.scilicet
Sch.Scholiast or Commentator
Schol.Scholiast or Commentator
Scot.Scotch or Highland-Scotch
seq.sequens
sev.several
sing.singular
Slav.Slavonic or Slavonian
Subj.subjunctive
subst.substantive
suff.suffix
superl.superlative degree
surg.surgery
s.v.sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order
Va1rt.vArttika
Va1rtt.vArttika
vb.verb
Ved.Vedic or Veda
v.l.varia lectio
voc.vocative case
vow.vowel
wk.work
w.r.wrong reading
Zd.Zend

Thomas Malten (Cologne University)
Jim Funderburk
Last modified: April 15, 2008